There are a great number of demon names in the study of demonology, though not all those considered demons by the Church of Satan are considered demons in their original cultures. Indeed, not all the names on any list of demon names are considered theological demon names and the idea of female demons and therefore female demon names is an idea that is debated among theological scholars. When it comes to named demons in religious writings such as the Bible there are few, if any, demons mentioned by name as demons. Theological tradition differs from the canonical religious text and makes mention of a number of demons by name with descriptions of them. In fact, many of the demons that we ‘know of’ today come from the non-canonical scriptures such as the Book of Enock, the Gnostic writings and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
List of Theological Demon Names
Aamon/Amon/Nahum – a Marquis of Hell governing 40 legions; his name is believed to come from the god Amun or Baal-hamon. Nahum itself means ‘who induces to eagerness’.
Abaddon – Originally synonymous with Sheol, later was described as the king of the abyss and commander of an army of locusts used to torment men.
Adramelech – A high chancellor of hell and the one who tends to Satan’s wardrobe.
Agares – described as appearing like an old man; is said to command somewhere between 31 and 36 legions of demons
Amaymon – a prince of hell that is believed to have power over the demon Asmodai and will try to trip up an exorcist and frustrate his rituals and successes
Asmoday/Asmodeus/Ashmadia – From the Persian Aeshma-deva: demon of wrath
Asteroth – perhaps derived from the name of the goddess Asherah or Astarte, a very powerful demon who seduces those prone to laziness and vanity.
Azazel – chief of the demons that roam the desert known as the Se’irim; these demons often appeared as goats to the tribes that offered them sacrifices
Beelzebub/ Ba’alzebub/ Beelzebul – lord of the flies
Belial – from the Hebrew word for wicked or worthless, called the angel of enmity in the Dead Sea Scrolls
Belphegor – convinces people that they will get rich quick if they just create this invention he thought of; comes from the Moabite god Baal-Peor
Corson – one of the four demonic ‘kings’ constrained by Solomon in the Lesser Key of Solomon; considered King of the West
Focalor – believed to be in command of the winds and seas; known for killing and drowning men, considered a great duke of hell
Gaap – demon believed to make women infertile
Leviathan – this is a creature that is mentioned in a number of different sources always as a primordial monster similar to a world serpent or giant dragon with an affinity for water; compare to Tiamat or Jormungandr
Lix Tetrax – a demon of wind mentioned first in the Testament of Solomon
Lucifer – the seraphim that led a rebellion against God and was cast out of heaven
Lucifuge Rofocale – the demon in charge of Hell’s government; name means ‘to flee the light’
Mammon – the demon of avarice or extreme greed, believed to have taught men’s souls the greed that has led to their destruction of the earth
Mastema – another name for Satan found in the non-canonical texts
Melchiresa – one of a number of names for a being of evil that is mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls
Onoskelis – mentioned in the Testament of Solomon; said to be a ‘female’ demon of great beauty
Ornais – also mentioned in the Testament of Solomon, his name means ‘Pesky’
Satan – the name given to Lucifer in Christian writings; primary nemesis of Jesus and Christian believrs
Tannin – a Canaanite sea monster believed in Hebrew mythology to be a symbol of chaos and evil
Xaphan – a fallen angel who joined in the rebellion with Lucifer; came up with the idea of setting fire to heaven